Pronouns are words that replace nouns. We usually use pronouns instead of repeating the same noun in a series of sentences. Let’s take a look at the following example.
|Without pronouns||With pronouns|
|Shaan is a student.||He is a student.|
|Shaan is from India.||He is from India.|
|Shaan has a car.||He has a car.|
|Shaan likes to play football.||He likes to play football.|
|Shaan is a good boy.||He is a good boy.|
|My mother is a Musician.||My mother is a Musician.|
|My mother is tall.||She is tall.|
|My mother has a car.||She has a car.|
|The car is red in colour.||It is red in colour.|
As in above examples, pronouns provide substitutions for other nouns.
There are different pronouns which are used in common for different categories of nouns.
|1st person Pronoun||I, me, myself, mine
We, us, our, ours, ourselves
|2nd person Pronoun||You, your, yours, yourselves|
|3rd person – Masculine||He, his, him, himself|
|3rd person – Feminine||She, her, hers, herself|
|3rd person – Other Living things||It, Its, Itself|
|3rd Person Plural – both Masculine and Feminine||They, their, theirs, them, themselves|
All the above pronouns are again categorized according to their different functions in sentences. Further, there are singular pronouns as well as plural pronouns. Each aspect of categorization will be dealt with separately in the following sections.
Subject pronouns are those that replace the nouns which function as subjects in sentences.
“Kate” is the subject of this sentence.
We need to use a Subject Pronoun in order to replace a noun which functions as a subject in a sentence.
In the next sentence “Kate” is replaced by “She”.
Pronouns are number sensitive. There are singular pronouns and plural pronouns. Hence, Subject Pronouns are categorized based on their number as follows.
I, He, She, It, We, You, They
Eg: I am Neil.
Eg: We are happy.
Eg: You are a good student.
Eg: You are good students.
Eg: He is a doctor.
Eg: They are policemen.
Eg: She is a nurse.
|It Eg: It is a parrot.|
me , you, him, her, it, us, you, them
Object pronouns are those which replace the nouns functioning as Objects in sentences.
|The teacher||talked||to||the student.|
“the student” is the object of this sentence.
We need to use an Object Pronoun in order to replace a noun which functions as an Object in a sentence.
In the next sentence “The student” is replaced by the object pronoun “him”.
There are singular and plural object pronouns.
Let’s see how Object pronouns are used in the following example sentences.
Possessive Pronoun Adjectives of the work of an adjective. They come before a noun and provide further information about the noun.
Possessive Pronoun Adjectives talk about ownership.
Instead of “Kate’s” in the second sentence, we can use the Possessive Pronoun Adjective “her”.
Mary is her best friend. (Kate’s)
They are not number sensitive. Same Possessive Adjective is used for both singular and plural nouns. Possessive Pronoun Adjectives are also called Possessive Determiners.
A pronoun which directly indicates possession is a Possessive Pronoun. Possessive Pronouns talk about the ownership of something or someone by something or someone. A Possessive pronoun usually comes at the end of a sentence.
Eg: - This book is mine.
The Possessive Pronouns with their Corresponding Subject Pronouns are listed below with examples.
Reflexive Pronouns refer black to another noun in the same sentence. Most of the time, the Reflexive Pronoun is used when the subject and the object of a sentence are the same. Usually, the reflexive pronoun wishes to highlight that something has been done by the same person / persons/ things. The purpose here is emphasis.
As you can see in the above examples, the subject and the verb should match with each other. This means, the Reflexive Pronoun used should be the one that is corresponding to the relevant subject pronoun.
There are 8 different Reflexive Pronouns in use according to number and person. They are listed below along with their corresponding Subject Pronoun.
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